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Contact: Stephanie Mann, Wind Business Development Manager


Telephone: 07551 533867

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Wind Energy


With 25% of Europe’s wind resource Scotland is a great location for wind power projects. ETP is forging links between Scotland’s world leading universities and the wind power industry to optimise the capacity to produce huge amounts of sustainable, clean energy. Right now ETP is actively working on projects across all areas of wind energy.


ETP Expertise in Wind Energy

Operations & Maintenance

Reducing O&M costs is crucial to enabling and accelerating the deployment of off-shore wind. Several research groups across Scotland are investigating novel approaches to Asset Management and Condition Monitoring, through detailed analysis of SCADA data.

Control System Design

Modern, large turbines use active pitch control, to regulate the power at above rated wind speeds and to minimise stresses on the turbine. The optimisation of pitch control, specifically looking at what is known as individual pitch control is currently an active research topic within the wind industry today. There are a number of research groups working in this area seeking to develop algorithms that regulates the turbine to cause the least amount of lifetime fatigue damage of the machine.

Blade Technology

Large wind turbines rely heavily on composite materials for their blades and other components. Better performance from these composites can lead to bigger blades, longer lifetime and lower LCOE. Research is being undertaken on topics across this field, from the chemistry of sizing, through modelling of debonding and other failure modes, right through to end-of-life recycling of reinforcing fibres.

Generator Design and Power Electronics

Movement towards the use of lower-speed, direct-drive generators, and the use of variable-speed turbines to increase reliability and efficiency, all have the effect of making the power electronics and power conversion requirements increasingly important. Scotland has world-class research capabilities in these areas. There has also been a recent resurgence of interest in HVDC networks, seen as necessary to reduce power losses in intra-farm connections. There are a number of on-going research projects in this area, investigating both system control and power converter topologies.

Wind Modelling and Resource Assessment

In wind farms, a key factor is the wake effect that one turbine has on others downstream. Researchers are using sophisticated Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) programs to investigate these effects, so that wind farm operators can site turbines with optimal spacing. CFD can be used to determine likely energy yields for particular turbine sites, and statistical and numerical approaches are being used to enhance the accuracy and usability of wind resource databases.

Turbine Foundations

Scotland has a strong history in Civil Engineering, and research into new foundation designs for offshore turbines will be a key driver in cost reduction. Wave tank resources are used to study novel floating turbines as well as conventional, gravity-based foundations that need to be towed into position. In addition, research into novel, “green” concrete promises more environmentally sustainable foundations..

Wind Energy - Case Studies

Xi Engineering:

Xi Engineering had previous experience working with the ETP on a separate project involving the Centre for Signal and Image Processing at Strathclyde. Their core business is to provide noise and vibration solutions to a wide range of industries with a predominant focus on the renewables sector. One issue that came to light in the last 6 months is the problem of tonal noise in a wind turbine tower. The tower is known to have several resonant frequencies corresponding with the main operating modes of the drive- train. Thus if any of these modes are excited by the tower it will result in amplification of vibration and emission of problematic tonal noise. The ETP funded a consultancy project, in conjunction with Heriot-Watt to investigate the use and viability of Xi’s Advanced Particle Damping (APD) pods to mitigate these vibrations within the frequency band of 100Hz-145Hz. The project looked at exciting a steel plate at the desired frequencies and investigated how much of an improvement the use of APD pods may have in reducing tonal noise and therefore displacement. The results were promising and showed a reduction of up to 15dB with a number of APD pods placed at regular intervals across the steel plate.

Following on from this, there were discussions about using the afore-mentioned project as a baseline and expanding the scope to look at noise mitigation offshore. However, unfortunately this project was not submitted within the constrained time-frame left of KENII. Therefore, any further work was placed on hold. However, this project is still viable and there is now an opportunity to engage with Xi on future studies in KENII. The company have expressed how positive the experience of working with Heriot-Watt has been, specifically in terms of gaining access to testing facilities which they do not currently have.








The ETP contacted Linknode primarily because of their locality to Strathclyde. There had been previous engagement but nothing substantial in terms of support or indeed a consultancy project. Linknode’s key area of expertise lies in software development for mobile devices. They provide mobile 3D visualisation apps and services with specialism in the convergence of location, sensors, devices and model data for geospatial augmented reality (AR) - GIality.

Their flagship solution, known as VentusAR, has already been commercialised for wind, solar and grid infrastructure planning projects within industry. This application enables in-field visualisation and allows a development to be visualised from any location, pre-planned or not. It helps dynamically assess, reduces return visits and shortens development cycles. This means lowers costs, improved use of resources time saving. However, one issue that is currently being faced is how to adequately assess terrain landform features from captured images and how to process them in the minimum amount of time. As it stands, any discrepancy between the virtual reality reconstruction and the image has to be manually calibrated to account for roll, pitch and yaw error relative to the camera’s fixed position. As such, Linknode hoped to solve this issue by collaborating with Strathclyde’s signal processing department.




Strathclyde (CeSIP)

Strathclyde (CeSIP) has developed algorithms which can reconstruct exact 3D visualisations of infrastructure using captured images from a camera/or robotic device. Linknode hoped to use this to produce an exact 3D reconstruction of a potential site built through a generated 3D point mesh. This would then be validated with reference to the Ordnance Survey open data (currently used to validate their existing software). Unfortunately, as this was a research project, the scope changed throughout the project. The end result was a quantitative comparison of certain algorithms used for 3D reconstruction applied to this problem. Whilst not the original intended output, the company were satisfied just knowing the problems that need to be solved using this methodology have been highlighted. As they are local, there is plenty of scope for future partnerships and collaborations.





If you would like to find out how ETP can help companies in the Wind Energy field contact

Wind Energy Facilities

The following facilities are most relevant to the wind energy sector:


Oceanlab Sea Testing Facilities

University of Aberdeen

Edinburgh Curved Wave Tank

University of Edinburgh

Electrical Machines and Power Electronics Test Laboratory

University of Edinburgh

Wind Tunnel Test Facilities

University of Glasgow

Dynamic Testing of Mooring Lines for Wave Energy Convertors

Heriot-Watt University

Wave Basin

Heriot-Watt University

Scottish Energy Centre (SEC)

Edinburgh Napier University

Advanced Forming Research Centre (AFRC)

University of Strathclyde

Kelvin Hydrodynamics Laboratory

University of Strathclyde

Electrical Power System Protection Laboratory

University of Strathclyde

Power Networks Demonstration Centre (PNDC)

University of Strathclyde

Energy Technology Test Facilities

University of Strathclyde

Centre for Advanced Condition Monitoring (CACM)

University of Strathclyde

European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre


ETC- Renewable & Low Carbon Energy Test Facilities

Energy Technology Centre

ETC – Mechanical Test facility

Energy Technology Centre

Myres Hill National Wind Energy Test Site


Large Scale Component Testing for Wind, Marine, Oil& Gas Structures

Doosan Babcock Ltd.

Hyperbaric Pressure Test Vessels

National Hyperbaric Centre

SAMS Research Services Ltd


The Hydrogen Office

The Hydrogen Office Ltd.

Electric motor & Generator Test Facility

Parson Peebles

Gearbox Test Rig

MacTaggart Scott

The FloWave Tank

FloWave TT Ltd.

Model Scale Foundation Development & High G Component testing

University of Dundee

Concrete Performance, Characterisation and Durability

University of Dundee