The carbon intensity of US and UK energy supply: hydraulic fracturing, fuel switching, and future carbon lock-in.

  • Supervisor: Professor David Reay (University of Edinburgh)
  • Sponsoring Company: Fife Energy Limited
  • PhD Student: Jeremy Turk 

Eleven projects produce 1,100 MM bbls of EOR-oil from 2020 to 2049. Policy innovation requires CCS to continue using the infrastructure after each 20-year EOR project ceases. Conversion of EOR to CCS operations progressively reduces oil combustion emissions from 2040 meaning the total average electricity grid factor reduces to 88–134kg CO2e per MWh, with gas generating 132 TWh clean electricity annually.



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