An Examination of Floating Wind Farms as Vectors for the Spread of Invasive Non-Native Species in Scottish Territorial Waters

  • Supervisor: Dr Jennifer Loxton (University of Highlands & Islands), Dr Andrew Blight (St Andrews University)
  • Sponsoring company: Statoil ASA
  • PhD Student: Ian Campbell

The high energy, deep water environments where floating wind turbines are located create hydrodynamic conditions which can influence the settlement of fouling invasive non-native species. In addition, the assembly, transportation and installation process for Floating Wind Turbine’s makes them prone to ‘hyperfouling’. INNS are cited as ‘one of the greatest threats to biodiversity’. Hywind Scotland, the world’s largest floating wind farm, represents a potential ‘stepping stone’ for 16 INNS.



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