FPSA1 explored the future functional requirements of a transformed electricity system in 2030 and was ground breaking internationally in using systems engineering techniques to articulate complex whole system issues in electricity, and identified 35 new or substantially extended functional requirements, most of which were whole system in nature, and many of which clustered around the grid edge, in parts of the system traditionally not considered in depth by the established electricity industry.
Consumers and technology companies have the potential to contribute actively to affordability, decarbonisation and security objectives in new ways, and will have far more choices in how they manage their personal and community energy economies.
FPSA2 built on this work by broadening stakeholder engagement, especially at the grid edge and amongst communities, smart cities and other stakeholders. The work deepened and validated the functional analysis and identified innovation requirements.
A key part of the work was a counterfactual analysis, exploring the barriers to delivering the required functionality in today’s industry environment, and the consequences of not delivering the functionality. Barriers were found to be significant, especially in the areas of industry change governance, and consequences of non-delivery high.
The work further went on to explore entirely new ways in the energy industry to deliver agile, flexible and stakeholder-inclusive change governance, an aspect that will be taken further in future phases of work. The key challenge going forward is to build a shared vision across this emergent and highly complex stakeholder group, which will need whole industry engagement and government support. At present these stakeholders are not in dialogue and lack shared understanding and even a common lexicon.